Bosnia AND Herzegovina
For lovers of nature and culture
||Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian
||14. December 1995
A paradise for lovers of multifaceted nature and culture. This is Bosnia and Herzegovina - a beautiful country with a turbulent history. A place where Bosnians, Croats and Bosnian Serbs as well as many other nationalities live together and have done it so peacefully for more than twelve years. With the Dayton Agreement in November 1995, the country was divided into the Serbian Republic and the Bosnian Federation, which in turn is made up of ten cantons. In addition to this ethnic division, the country consists of two parts that have often been governed independently of each other in their history: Bosnia and Herzegovina. As an interface between the Orient and the Occident, the state, located in the west of the Balkan Peninsula, has a unique diversity of art and culture. Holiday in Bosnia and Herzegovina? This is not comparable with holidays in boring hotel complexes, but rather with journeys into the reality of an impressive country that is busily working on its reconstruction. The region between Serbia, Montenegro and Croatia, which is still largely undiscovered by tourists, is a real insider tip.
Bosnia and its capital Sarajevo
The northern part of Bosnia probably owes its name to the old Indo-European word "bosana", which means water. This is obvious, as many streams and rivers meander through this mountainous and rocky nation. The region has a continental climate: warm summers, cool spring and autumn seasons and cold winters with lots of snow are characteristic. The Bosnian-Herzegovinian capital Sarajevo is a vibrant cultural centre. The cultural spectrum ranges from theatre, opera and ballet performances, concerts, museums and numerous art galleries to festivals of various artistic fields. Bosnia's metropolis blends the flair of the Orient with the European way of life. The city surrounded by mountains is a cocktail of Istanbul and Vienna. The merchants' quarter Bascarsija in the old town has a very oriental feel to it - various goods are offered for sale at bazaars. Busy waiters serve oriental delicacies and coffee. A few minutes away, stately houses in the Art Nouveau style and coffee houses, as they are known from Vienna, adorn the street. These are the remains of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. Sarajevo is the European Jerusalem - because here Jews, Orthodox, Catholics and Muslims live together.
Houses of God like churches and mosques stand door to door. Because of its lively cultural scene, Sarajevo is considered a European insider tip, especially by young people.
Herzegovina is characterized by a Mediterranean climate. Winters are mild, summers are dry and hot, especially in July and August. Herzegovina has the country's only access to the sea. The coastal strip is about 20 kilometers wide with the city of Neum as its center. Compared to Bosnia, Herzegovina is rather flat and fertile. The name Herzegovina goes back to the ruler's title Duke and mean is close to Dukedom. The economic and cultural centre of Herzegovina is Mostar. A beautiful symbol of the upswing in Bosnia and Herzegovina was the new construction of the "Old Bridge" over the river Neretva in Mostar. The bridge, destroyed during the Bosnian war, was reopened in July 2004 and stands for the coming together and the peaceful development of the country. Together with the restored old town, it is a UNESCO world cultural heritage site.
Tour suggestions Bosnia and Herzegovina